Chiropractic is a health care profession that focuses on disorders of the musculoskeletal system, the nervous system, and the effects of these disorders on general health. The spine protects the spinal cord, which together with the brain make up the central nervous system. Spinal dysfunction results in nerve signal interference and muscle tone imbalance. Chiropractic care is used most often to treat neuromusculoskeletal complaints, including but not limited to back pain, neck pain, pain in the joints of the arms or legs, and headaches. For more detailed information concerning chiropractic and health problems that can be alleviated with chiropractic care, we invite you to go to the following link:

Research Papers

Evaluation of the effects of Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Condition, and Neuromuscular Fitness on Direct Health-Care Costs and Sickness-Related Absence Among Nursing Personnel with Recurrent Nonspecific Low Back Pain.

Kolu, Päivi PT, MSc; Tokola, Kari Statistician MSc; Kankaanpää, Markku MD, PhD; Suni, Jaana PT, PhD
Spine 2016. Oct. 6 [published ahead of print].

Ammendolia C, Côté P, Rampersaud RJ et al. (2016) The BootCamp Program for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 24:25.

Ammendolia C, Chow N (2015) Clinical Outcomes for Neurogenic Claudication Using a Multimodal Program for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Retrospective Study
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 38:188-194.

Leemann S, et al. Outcomes of Acute and Chronic Patients with Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Confirmed Symptomatic Lumbar Disc Herniations Receiving High-Velocity, Low-Amplitude, Spinal Manipulative Therapy: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study With One-Year Follow-Up. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. March-April, 2014. 37/3, 155-163.

Early Predictors of Lumbar Spine Surgery After Occupational Back Injury: Results From a Prospective Study of Workers in Washington State.

Kenney, B.J. Ph D, Fulton-Kehoe, D., PhD; Franklin, G.M., MD, MPH 

Spine 2013. May 15 Vol. 38 (11):953-964.

Spinal manipulation, medication, or home exercise with advice for acute and subacute neck pain: a randomized trial.

Bronfort G1, Evans R, Anderson AV, Svendsen KH, Bracha Y, Grimm RH.Ann Intern Med. 2012 Jan 3;156(1 Pt 1):1-10.

Pain in the Neck: Many (Marginally Different) Treatment Choices.

Walker, B.F. & French, S.D.
Annals of Internal Medicine. 2012 Jan.; 156(1): 52-53.

Cost of are for common back pain conditions initiated with chiropracti doctor vs medical doctor/doctor of osteopathy as first physician: experience of one Tennessee-based general health insurer.
Liledahl, RL, Finch MB, Axene DV, Goertz CM
J. Manipulative Physiol Therm. 2010 Nove-Dec; 33(9): 640-3.

The Chiropractic Care of Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A Retrospective Case Series.
Alcantara, J. & Davis, J.
Explore (NY). 2010 May-June; 6(3): 173-83.

Does Maintained Spinal Manipulation Therapy For Chronic Non Specific Low Back Pain Result in Better Long-Term Outcome?
Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Department Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Aug. 15; 36 (18): 1427-37.

Symptomatic Reactions, Clinical Outcomes and Patient Statisfaction Associated with Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care.
Eriksen, K., Rochester, R.P., Hurwitz, E.L.
BMC Muscoloskelet Disord. 2011. Oct.; 12 (1): 219.

Results of chiropractic treatment of lumbopelvic fixation in 44 patients admitted to an orthopedic department.
Orlin, J.R. & Didriksen, A.
J Man Physiol 2009. Feb.; 30(2): 135-9.

Intractable migraine headaches during pregnancy under chiropractic care.
Alcantra, J. & Cossette, M.
Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2009 Nov 1; 15(4): 192-7.

The Safety and effectiveness of pediatric chiropractic: a survey of chiropractors and parents in a practice-based research network.
Alcántara J. et al.
Explore. 2009 Sep. 1; 5(5): 290-5.

Risk of vertebrobasilar stroke and chiropractic care: results of a population-based case-control and case-crossover study.

Cassidy JD, Boyle E, Cote P, et al.

Eur Spine J 2008. Vol. 17 (Supp. 1): 176-183.

Sympathetic and parasympathetic responses to specific diversified adjustments to chiropractic vertebral subluxations of the cervical and thoracic spine.
Welch, A., Boone, R.
J of Chir Med. September 2008: 86-93.

Effect of chiropractic treatment on hip extension ability and running velocity among young male running athletes.
Sandell J. et al.
J Chiropr Med. 2008 Jun 1; 7(2): 39-47.

Vitamin D and Cancer
Ali, M.M., Vaidya,V.
J Cancer Res Ther 2007 Vol. 3 (4): 225-230.

Association of relative packback weight, with reported pain, pain sites, medical utilization and lost school time in children and adolescents.
Moore, M.J et al.
Moore Chiropractic Wellness Center, Ca., USA
J Sch Health 2007. May; 77(3): 232-9.

Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial.
McCann D. et al.
Lancet. 2007 Nov 3; 370(9598):1560-7.

Chiropractic management of a patient with post traumatic vertigo of complex origin.
Collins, M.E. et al.
J Chiropr Med. 2005 Dec. 1,; 4(1): 32-8.

Combining fish-oil supplements with regular aerobic exercise improves body composition and cardiovascualar disease risk factors.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2007; 85(5):1257-74.

Vertebral Subluxation Correlated with Somatic,Visceral and Immune Complaints: An Analysis of 650 Children Under Chiropractic Care
Ressel, O. et al.
J of Vert Subl Research. 2004 Oct 18; 1–23.

Immediate effects on Neck Pain and Active Range of Motion After a Single Cervical High-Velocity Low-Amplitude Manipulation in Subjects Presenting with Mechanical Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Martinez-Segura R., Fernandez-de-las-Penas, C. et al.
J Man Phys Ther. 2006 Sep.; 29(7): 511-7.

Chiropractic and rehabilitative management of a patient with progressive lumbar disk injury, spondylolisthesis, and spondyloptosis.
Excoffon, S.G., Wallace, W.
J Man Phys Ther. 2006 Jan 1; 29(1): 66-71.

Chiropractic spinal manipulation for low back pain of pregnancy: a retrospective case series.
Midwifery, J.
Womens Health. 2006 Jan 1; 51(1): p. 7-10.

Chiropractic treatment of temporomandibular disorders using the activator adjusting instrument and protocol.
DeVocht, J. W., Schaeffer, W. et al.
Altern Ther Health Med. 2005 Nov 1; 11(6): 70-73.

Improvement in hearing after chiropractic care: a case series.
Di Duro, J. O.
Chiropr Osteopat. 2006 Jan 19;14(1): p. 2.

Randomised Comparison of Chiropractic and Hospital Outpatient Management for Low Back Pain : Results from Extended Follow Up
Meade, T.W. et al.
BMJ. 1995 Aug 5.; 311:349-351.

A Risk Assessment of Cervical Manipulation vs. NSAIDs for the Treatment of Neck Pain.
Dabbs, V., Lauretti, W.J..
J.M.P.T. 1995 Oct; 18(8):530-6

Chiropractic Treatment of Temporomandibular Disorders Using the Activator Adjusting Instrument : A Prospective Case Series
DeVocht, J. W. et al.
J Man Phys Ther. 2003; 26(7):421-5

A Study to examine the Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Chiropractic Management of Low-Back Pain
Manga, P. et al.
University of Ottawa (Canada); August 1993.

Infantile Colic Treated by Chiropractors : a Prospective Study of 316 Cases
Klougart, N., Nilsson, N. & Jacobsen, J.
J.M.P.Y. 1989; 12(4):281-8.

Additional Information

Should you have any further questions, or if you are in need of additional information and advice concerning your personal health problem, please do not hesitate to send us an

This service is free of charge and available for existing or future patients. We would like to point out, however, that appointments can only be made, changed or cancelled by phone (+31) (0) 71 512 7788.

Contact the Netherlands Chiropractic Association (NCA) or check their website to see if your chiropractor is credited to be practicing in the Netherlands.
NCA, tel. (+31) (0)513-412041,


Evaluation of the effects of Physical Activity Spine, Oct. 6, 2016
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